leetcode *148. 排序链表(待深究)(2020.11.21)

【题目】*148. 排序链表

给你链表的头结点 head ,请将其按 升序 排列并返回 排序后的链表 。

进阶:
你可以在 O(n log n) 时间复杂度和常数级空间复杂度下,对链表进行排序吗?

示例 1:
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输入:head = [4,2,1,3]
输出:[1,2,3,4]

示例 2:
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输入:head = [-1,5,3,4,0]
输出:[-1,0,3,4,5]

示例 3:

输入:head = []
输出:[]

提示:
链表中节点的数目在范围 [0, 5 * 10^4] 内
-10^5 <= Node.val <= 10^5

【解题思路1】归并排序-递归

class Solution {
    public ListNode sortList(ListNode head) {
        return sortList(head, null);
    }

    public ListNode sortList(ListNode head, ListNode tail) {
        if (head == null) {
            return head;
        }
        if (head.next == tail) {
            head.next = null;
            return head;
        }
        ListNode slow = head, fast = head;
        while (fast != tail) {
            slow = slow.next;
            fast = fast.next;
            if (fast != tail) {
                fast = fast.next;
            }
        }
        ListNode mid = slow;
        ListNode list1 = sortList(head, mid);
        ListNode list2 = sortList(mid, tail);
        ListNode sorted = merge(list1, list2);
        return sorted;
    }

    public ListNode merge(ListNode head1, ListNode head2) {
        ListNode dummyHead = new ListNode(0);
        ListNode temp = dummyHead, temp1 = head1, temp2 = head2;
        while (temp1 != null && temp2 != null) {
            if (temp1.val <= temp2.val) {
                temp.next = temp1;
                temp1 = temp1.next;
            } else {
                temp.next = temp2;
                temp2 = temp2.next;
            }
            temp = temp.next;
        }
        if (temp1 != null) {
            temp.next = temp1;
        } else if (temp2 != null) {
            temp.next = temp2;
        }
        return dummyHead.next;
    }
}

【解题思路2】归并排序-迭代

class Solution {
    public ListNode sortList(ListNode head) {
        if (head == null) {
            return head;
        }
        int length = 0;
        ListNode node = head;
        while (node != null) {
            length++;
            node = node.next;
        }
        ListNode dummyHead = new ListNode(0, head);
        for (int subLength = 1; subLength < length; subLength <<= 1) {
            ListNode prev = dummyHead, curr = dummyHead.next;
            while (curr != null) {
                ListNode head1 = curr;
                for (int i = 1; i < subLength && curr.next != null; i++) {
                    curr = curr.next;
                }
                ListNode head2 = curr.next;
                curr.next = null;
                curr = head2;
                for (int i = 1; i < subLength && curr != null && curr.next != null; i++) {
                    curr = curr.next;
                }
                ListNode next = null;
                if (curr != null) {
                    next = curr.next;
                    curr.next = null;
                }
                ListNode merged = merge(head1, head2);
                prev.next = merged;
                while (prev.next != null) {
                    prev = prev.next;
                }
                curr = next;
            }
        }
        return dummyHead.next;
    }

    public ListNode merge(ListNode head1, ListNode head2) {
        ListNode dummyHead = new ListNode(0);
        ListNode temp = dummyHead, temp1 = head1, temp2 = head2;
        while (temp1 != null && temp2 != null) {
            if (temp1.val <= temp2.val) {
                temp.next = temp1;
                temp1 = temp1.next;
            } else {
                temp.next = temp2;
                temp2 = temp2.next;
            }
            temp = temp.next;
        }
        if (temp1 != null) {
            temp.next = temp1;
        } else if (temp2 != null) {
            temp.next = temp2;
        }
        return dummyHead.next;
    }
}
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